Hydropower for the Sino-Russian Friendship

 shilka-at-gorbica.jpg

 Pic 1. Beatiful Shilka River at the bottom of Trans-Sibirsky HPP reservoir proposed by CYPC

???  Chen  Guoqing

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Vice President China Yangtze Power Co., Ltd.

 

Active engagement in Russia’s hydro-power development for the Sino-Russian Friendship

Speech delivered on Sept 12, 2011 in Irkutsk at Baikal Economic Forum

Dear Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen?

Good afternoon.  On behalf of Mr. Cao Guangjing, Chairman of China Three Gorges Corporation and Mr. Zhang Cheng, President of China Yangtze Power Co., Ltd. I would like to present a brief introduction of my company and the cooperation in Russia.

1.     Briefing of China Three Gorges Corporation and China Yangtze Power

China Three Gorges Corporation (Hereinafter referred to as «CTGPC») is China’s largest clean energy group now. CTGPC’s principal operations include hydropower project engineering, construction and management, electricity production, related technical services, and etc.  

CTGPC has built and owned the Three Gorges Hydropower Plant with total installed capacity of 22,500 MW, and is developing more hydropower plants on the Upper Yangtze River, including Xiluodu HPP (13, 860MW), Xiangjiaba HPP (6,400MW), Wudongde HPP (8,700MW), Baihetan HPP (14,000 MW) and other giant hydropower projects. By the end of 2020, the total installed capacity of the Corporation will exceed 90 GW.

China Yangtze Power Co., Ltd. (hereafter called «CYPC» for short) is a joint stock company controlled by CTGPC. CYPC is currently the largest listed hydropower company in the People’s Republic of China («PRC»). By the end of 2010, the Company owns the Gezhouba Hydropower Plant and all the generating units of Three Gorges Hydropower Plant with total installed capacity of 21,077 MW.

2. The Globalizing Process of CTGPC and CYPC

Large-scaled hydropower development and operation are the core competitiveness of CTGPC and CYPC. With advantages of the Three Gorges Brand and of that in the technology and management, it is our goal to build a large clean international energy group through participating international hydropower development and hence promote the energy cooperation between China and Russia as well as other neighboring countries. CTGPC and CYPC bring the International hydropower development as their long-term strategic objectives. Currently, CTGPC has hydropower and infrastructure projects in more than 20 countries and regions.

3. Cooperation with Russian Partners

3.1 Background of Sino-Russian Hydropower cooperation

(1)  Rich hydropower potential in Siberia and the Far East

Russia is rich in hydropower potential amounting 10% of the world total, which is mainly in Siberia and the Far East, where the electricity demands and hydropower development are low.  With the long-distance transmission technology maturing, it is feasible to transmit power from Russian Far East and Siberia to China.

(2) Cooperation Opportunities in Sino-Russian Hydropower Development

It is the 10th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty on Good-Neighborliness, Friendship and Cooperation between China and Russia. The cooperation between China and Russia in political, economic, cultural and strategy has been strengthened in these 10 years.  Sino-Russian’s cooperation in various fields, including electricity are clarified in ?Sino-Russian’s Investment Cooperation plan? approved by the leaders of the two countries in June 2010 and  ?Sino-Russian Joint Statement about deepening strategic partnership?signed by both governments in September.

(3)  Sino-Russian economic development needs the cooperation of power companies in the two countries

Russian government  released the strategy for developing energy resources in Siberia and the Far East in ?Far East and Baikal region socio-economic development strategy before 2025?in early 2011 and also put forward a set of plan to strengthen international co-operation and actively attract foreign investors. In the long run, it is an inevitable trend to meet the electricity demand in Northeastern and Northern China, to improve the local energy structure, to promote clean energy utilization and to jointly develop hydropower resources in Russia, and transmission power to China.

??3.2 Considerations on Sino-Russian hydropower cooperation

The power projects on the border river (i.e.Amur River RwB)and in Russian land are in large number, board involvement and long construction period. The implementation of these projects need the guidance and co-ordinations from the energy and water resource departments from both countries and the cooperation of grid and designing companies. Russian two  largest power companies  are leading power companies in Russia and are the two most important power companies in Siberia and the Far East.  CTGPC/CYPC has extensive experience in hydro project construction, power plant operation management, and sound credit and influence on capital markets.  There are good foundations between CTGPC/CYPC and two largest Russian hydro power companies. We shall follow the principles of sharing risk and interests to develop mutually beneficial cooperation?also take the social responsibility, and work together for Sino-Russian friendship and common development .

 Pic 2. Transboundary dams proposed on Amur-Heilong River as presented in any long-term development plan for Northeast China.   In the text above CYPC vice-director likely refers to these «projects on border river» resulting from the «Joint Sino-Russian Scheme to manage the trans-boundary  Amur and Argun rivers». Presently proposed Trans-Sibirsky HPP on Shilka River was first considered simultaneously with this Scheme in 1980s (and hydrologiclly speaking it blocks the main channel of the same Amur river system). RwB

amursheme.jpg

3.3 Progress of cooperation

To promote and realize the strategic objectives of joint development of Russian hydropower resources  and  power transmission to China, two Russian largest power companies and CTGPC /CYPC have conducted communications for  many times and have made substantial progress through signing of framework agreement and making collaboration plan. We are promoting the project?level cooperation now.

4. Suggestion and prospects

With the deepening of the strategic and energy co-operations between the two countries, Sino-Russian joint development and cooperation will enter into a new stage.  Since the hydropower development is a long term strategic cooperation, we would like to make following suggestions:

(1) Bilateral coordination mechanism on the hydropower development shall be established by the government departments from both countries to support and guide the co-orperation between companies of the two countries and the rolling revising on the middle and long term plans by the government departments shall be carried out to meet the social and economic development.

(2) In order to place a solid and long term cooperation foundation, it is important to continuously improve market access conditions and taking full advantages of the suppliers from both countries to effectively reduce the cost and control the risks.

(3) The supervision and regulatory authorities, financing institutes and the enterprises involved should study together to find out the project financing portfolio and risk control mechanism to help the enterprises getting better financing support.

In the foreseeable future, Sino-Russian cooperation will set off a new chapter in the energy filed. CTGPC /CYPC will put their foremost efforts to make it happen.

 

 


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